Hair TransplantationHair transplant can bring you back to your youthful and healthy looks. It is a multi-hair replacement treatment, in which hair follicles get removed from the ‘donor site’ and get a transplant to the bald parts of the ‘recipient site’. Unlike skin grafting, hair transplant contains the grafts of epidermis and dermis surrounding the hair follicle and numerous amount of tiny grafts which preferably transplanted than a single strip of skin. It is primarily done to treat male baldness also done to women with thin hair .hair. It includes minimally invasive procedures. Hair transplant treatment also is done to restore:
- Beard hair
- Chest hair
- Pubic hair
- Hair also filled into the scars which cause due to surgeries and accidents
Hairs follicular units get transplanted and harvested into their natural grouping because the growth of natural hair is in the grouping of 1 to 4. So the modern hair transplantation gets the natural appearance by mimicking the original hair orientation. This procedure is called follicular unit transplantation (FTU). While the donor's hair gets harvested using one of the two methods: strip harvesting and follicular unit extraction (FUE).
ProcedureThe procedure starts with cleaning your scalp, the surgeon will clean your scalp and then uses a small needle to give local anaesthesia to numb the procedure area.
After anaesthesia surgeon will start the follicles transplantation as per you the technique discussed to go with. The different techniques are used includes:
Strip harvesting:Strip harvesting is the typical technique that surgeon ordinary used for removing hair and follicles from the donor site and into the region of good hair growth, through the posterior scalp the strip of the skin get harvested. The surgeon will remove the strip about 6 to 10 inches in size. Then the team starts dissecting the individual follicular unit grafts from the strip which are tiny and naturally creates a grouping of hair follicles. The extraction of excess fibrous and fatty tissues is done carefully to avoid the damage of follicular which will be used for grafting after it sets scalp get closed and the method of closing is called a ‘Trichophytic closure’, gives less and thin line scaring at donor area which will get covered up by hairs.
Either Fine needles or small micro blades are used to puncture the recipient site for receiving the grafts and place them into the predetermined density and pattern. For realistic hair appearance, the wounds consistently get angling. The recovery will take around 2 weeks and stitches or staples will require to remove.
Follicular unit extraction (FUE):Follicular unit extraction contains, the direct extraction of the hair follicles from the back of the head with numerous tiny punches of 0.6mm to 1.0mm. The tiny holes are made from micro blades or fine needles to the recipient site for receiving the grafts and place them into the predetermined density and pattern. For realistic hair appearance, the wounds consistently get angling. Follicular unit extraction may take more than one session. In one session surgeons transplanted hundreds of hairs. After the graft, bandages will be used to cover the scalp for a few days.
Follicular unit extraction is no liner incision so it doesn’t give the liner scars. Due to individual follicles get removed. Only tiny scars will remain due to small punctures that are not visible from naked eye. The patient will recover in less than seven days.
Follicular unit transplant:Is the standard method for a hair transplant which includes the removing of the linear strip of hair skin through the back of the head. The strip incision is a few inches longer to separate the individual graft.
Robotic hair restoration:Robotic hair transplant surgery is an advanced technology of the follicular unit extraction method. These devices utilize cameras and robotic arms are fixed which assist the surgeon in the procedure. Engraft is the first robotic surgical device for hair restoration which is approved by the FDA in 2011 to harvesting follicular units from brown and black-haired men.
After the procedure:After the procedure, your scalp might get sore and you might need some medications like antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection, pain killer for the pain and anti-inflammatory to reduce the swelling.
Hair falls out for two to three weeks is considered normal after the transplantation. People will get new hairs after 6 to 8 months.
After a hair transplant, you kept growing new and healthy hair in the transplanted area. You can start shampooing your hair after the two days of surgery but it is important to prevent scabs from forming.
The risks include:There no major risk you will notice in the hair transplantation procedure but in, might do:
- Shock loss